Kazan was founded at least 1000 years ago, as an outpost on the northern borders of Volga Bulgaria.
The most amazing thing in Kazan - an incredible ability to organically combine the two principles. In this amazing city deep antiquity and modernity, Asia and Europe, Islam and Orthodoxy, Russian and Tatar culture is not opposed to each other and merge together. The originality of Kazan - in a multilayer architecture sedinenii. Here, side by side, there are the ancient tower Syuyumbike and modern entertainment center "Pyramid", the white stone Cathedral of the Annunciation and the wonderful rhyme with him Kul-Sharif Mosque. Splendor "Naryshkin baroque" Peter and Paul Cathedral is adjacent to the strict classical lines of the main building of Kazan University.
The main attraction of the city - the Kazan Kremlin - survived a stormy, sometimes full of dramatic events, history. Since the second half of the thirteenth century to the first half of the XV century, the Kremlin became the center of Kazan principality as a part of the Golden Horde. After the collapse of the Golden Horde, Kazan Kremlin - the military and administrative center of the Khanate of Kazan. After the capture of Kazan in 1552, the troops of Ivan the Terrible, the former capital of the Khanate of Kazan became the administrative and military center of the Volga attached. Since 1708 the Kremlin - the center of Kazan province. From 1922 to 1992, the Kazan Kremlin continued to fulfill his destiny as the administrative center of the Tatar Autonomous Republic, and since 1992 as a national center of the Republic of Tatarstan in the Russian Federation. The Kremlin is the residence of the President of the Republic of Tatarstan. Associated with Kazan during adolescence and youth Vladimir Ulyanov. In 1887, after graduating from high school with a gold medal, he entered the State University. Vladimir Lenin begins to develop as a person first learned of Marxist literature from his older brother. But in December 1887 for his active participation in the revolutionary gathering of students, he was arrested and expelled from the university and sent to the village Kokushkino Kazan province. Vladimir Ulyanov return to Kazan in October 1888, entered into one of the Marxist circles in Kazan and lived until 1891. Study and discussion of the works of Marx, Engels, Plekhanov. Works of Marx and Engels played a decisive role in shaping the world of Vladimir Lenin - he becomes convinced Marxist.
In Kazan Lenin's personality is most closely associated State University, where he studied at the Faculty. Kazan University was founded by Alexander I in 1804. today in the university enrolls more than 50,000 students.
Kul Sharif mosque
Museum of the socialist way of life
House-museum of VI Lenin